Musculoskeletal disorders are injuries or pain in the body’s joints, ligaments, muscles, nerves, tendons, and structures that support limbs, neck and back. They usually happen from a sudden exertion, or they can arise from making the same motions repeatedly repetitive strain, or from repeated exposure to force, vibration, or awkward posture.
If there was some kind of traumatic even like a car accident, are not considered Musculoskeletal disorders. Musculoskeletal disorders include carpal tunnel syndrome, epicondylitis, tendinitis, back pain, tension neck syndrome, and hand-arm vibration syndrome.
Assessment of Musculoskeletal disorders are based on self-reports of symptoms and pain as well as physical examination by a doctor. Doctors have to use medical history, recreational and occupational hazards, intensity of pain, a physical exam to locate the source of the pain , and sometimes lab tests, x-rays, or an MRI Doctors look for specific criteria to diagnose each different musculoskeletal disorder, based on location, type, and intensity of pain, as well as what kind of restricted or painful movement a patient is experiencing. A popular measure of MSDs is the Nordic Questionnaire that has a picture of the body with various areas labeled and asks the individual to indicate in which areas they have experienced pain, and in which areas has the pain interfered with normal activity.
Musculoskeletal disorders usually happen from interaction of physical factors with economic, psychological, social, and occupational factors.
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