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Iatrogenic Disorder

Iatrogenic Disorder

Iatrogenesis comes from the Greek word “brought forth by the healer” which refers to to any effect on a person, resulting from any activity of one or more persons acting as healthcare professionals or promoting products or services as beneficial to health, that does not support a goal of the person affected.

While some have advocated using ‘iatrogenesis’ to refer to all ‘events caused by the health care delivery team’, whether ‘positive or negative’, consensus limits use of ‘iatrogenesis’ to adverse, or, most broadly, to unintended outcomes.

Causes of iatrogenesis include:

side effects of possible drug interactions
complications arising from a procedure or treatment
medical error
unexamined instrument design[clarification needed]
anxiety or annoyance in the physician or treatment provider in relation to medical procedures or treatments
unnecessary treatment for profit
Unlike an adverse event, an iatrogenic effect is not always harmful.[7] For example, a scar created by surgery is said to be iatrogenic even though it does not represent improper care and may not be troublesome.

Professionals who may cause harm to patients include physicians, pharmacists, nurses, dentists, psychologists, medical laboratory scientists and therapists. Iatrogenesis can also result from complementary and alternative medicine treatments.


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