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Hypomania Disorder

Hypomania Disorder

Hypomania is a mood state characterized by persistent disinhibition and pervasive elevated with or without irritable mood but generally less severe than full mania. If you suffer from Hypomaniayou will find yourself very energetic, talkative, and confident commonly exhibited with a flight of creative idea. When you are having a hypomanic behavior , then it often generates productivity and excitement, it can become troublesome if the subject engages in risky or otherwise inadvisable behaviors.

Presentation
Individuals in a hypomanic state don’t sleep a lot. They are also very outgoing and competitive, have a great deal of energy and are otherwise often fully functioning

Specifically, hypomania is distinguished from mania by the absence of psychotic symptoms and grandiosity, and by its lesser degree of impact on functioning.

Hypomania is a feature of bipolar II disorder and cyclothymia, but can also occur in schizoaffective disorder. Hypomania is also a feature of bipolar I disorder as it arises in sequential procession as the mood disorder fluctuates between normal mood and mania. Some individuals with bipolar I disorder have hypomanic as well as manic episodes. Hypomania can also occur when moods progress downwards from a manic mood state to a normal mood. Hypomania is sometimes credited with increasing creativity and productive energy.

People who experience hyperthymia, or “chronic hypomania”, encounter the same symptoms as hypomania but long-term.

Causes

Studies show it can be caused by chemical imbalances in the brain[citation needed]. While most often associated with bipolar disorder, hypomania is also a side effect of numerous medications, often those used in psychopharmacotherapy. In cases of true drug-induced hypomania, discontinuation of the drug that caused or triggered the episode—for example antidepressants, steroids, or stimulants such as amphetamine—usually causes a fairly swift return to normal mood. An episode of hypomania may be incorrectly judged to have uncovered an underlying bipolar disorder, but drug-induced hypomania, by definition, does not point to bipolar disorder.[citation needed] Hypomania is less likely to be a side effect in those with pure clinical depression or unipolar depression, unless for example tricyclic antidepressants are given in very high doses.

Studies find it can be due to a chemical imbalance in the brain. Often in those who have experienced their first episode of hypomania – generally without psychotic features – there might be a long or recent history of depression or a mix of hypomania combined with depression known as mixed state prior to the emergence of manic symptoms, and commonly this surfaces in the mid to late teens. Due to this being an emotionally charged time, it is not unusual for mood swings to be passed off as hormonal or teenage ups and downs and for a diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder to be missed until there is evidence of an obvious manic/hypomanic phase.

Hypomania may also occur as a side effect of pharmaceuticals prescribed for conditions/diseases other than psychological states or mood disorders.[citation needed] In those instances, as in cases of drug-induced hypomanic episodes in unipolar depressives, the hypomania can almost invariably be eliminated by lowering medication dosage, withdrawing the drug entirely, or changing to a different medication if discontinuation of treatment is not possible.

Hypomania may also be triggered by the occurrence of a highly exciting event in the patient’s situation, such as a substantial financial gain or recognition.[citation needed]

Hypomania can be associated with narcissistic personality disorder.

Treatment

Medications typically prescribed for hypomania include mood stabilizers such as valproic acid, Tetrabenazine, and lithium carbonate as well as atypical antipsychotics such as olanzapine and quetiapine.

If a hypomanic state is the result of medication side effects or drug abuse (e.g. amphetamines), then certain sedatives including benzodiazepines can sometimes normalize an individual’s mood and energy levels.

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