An Anxiety disorder consists of a group of mental disorders that are characterized by anxiety (worrying of what could happen) and fear (what has already happened).
There are four aspects of human experiences that cover the term “anxiety.” The first one is mental apprehension, while the second is physical tension. Third is physical symptoms, and fourth is dissociative anxiety. Emotions that are present in anxiety disorders range from simple nervousness to constant terror. Symtpoms of an anxiety disorder can be imitated by other psychiatric and medical issues.
Causes of Anxiety Disorder
Genetics partly play a role in giving rise to anxiety disorders. Drug use, alcohol use, and consumption of caffeine can be responsible for anxiety disorders, as well as drug withdrawal. Anxiety disorders often occur in junction with other mental disorders. To name some prime accomplices: major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, certain personality disorders, and eating disorders.
Anxiety Disorder Diagnostic Guidelines
Anxiety disorders are often classified to be severe chronic conditions. They can be present at an early age or commence suddenly at any given point (a triggering event). Anxiety disorders can potentially flare up with high stress levels and are frequently accompanied by physiological symptoms: headache, sweating, muscle spasms, palpitations, and hypertension. Standardized screening clinical questionnaires can be incorporated to detect symptoms. In turn, suggestions would be made for a formal diagnostic assessment for anxiety disorder.
Studies have indicated that those who have a family history of anxiety disorders have a high possibility of enduring an anxiety disorder. Furthermore, sexual dysfunction often accompanies anxiety disorders. Although it’s difficult to determine whether anxiety causes the sexual dysfunction or whether they arise from something else. Avoidance of intercourse, premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, or pain during intercourse among women are direct links to sexual dysfunction. Sexual dysfunction is also particularly common among people that are affected by panic disorder, in a sense where there’s a fear of a panic attack occuring during arousal, and posttraumatic stress disorder.
Treatment for Anxiety Disorder
Lifestyle changes, therapy, and medications are forms of available treatment for anxiety disorders. The medication route is only for when other measures prove to be ineffective. Quitting smoking plays as large of a as, or a larger role, in taking care of anxiety than medications. Childhood anxiety disorders are significantly easier to deal with, for there are several effective treatment methods for anxiety disorders among children. Children may undergo psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, or counseling. Medication can still be incorporated in their treatment plan(s), but in much smaller doses.
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